To look (at) is the basic verb used in English with the meaning of 'mirar' in Spanish, but there are other related verbs which also mean 'mirar', but in a specific way. These verbs, like to stare, to gaze or to glare, each has a distinctive semantic feature ('rasgo semántico diferencial') which allows it to be used to express 'looking' in a different way. Here are the main ones:
- to stare (at) - to look fixedly (mirar fijamente)
- to gaze (at) - to look intently, as in wonder, delight or interest, at a work of art, a beautiful landscape, etc. (mirar con atención, con la mirada perdida, embobado, etc., contemplar una obra de arte, un hermoso paisaje, etc.)
- to glance (at) - to look quickly, momentarily, superficially (mirar rápido, echar una ojeada)
- to glare(at) - to look angrily (mirar con enfado/furia, airadamente)
- to scowl (at) - to look angrily, annoyed, bad-tempered, with strong disapproval (mirar enfadado, molesto, de mal humor, con desaprobación)
- to gape (at) - to look with your mouth wide open, as in wonder or curiosity (mirar embobado, boquiabierto, con admiración, curiosidad, etc)
- to peer (at) - to look closely, with difficulty (mirar de cerca, con dificultad, con ojos de miope)
- to peep/peek (at) - to look slyly, with curiosity, secretively, through a small opening or behind something (mirar furtivamente, mirar por una rendija/un agujero, etc., espiar)
- to glimpse - to look momentarily, so that the object is hardly perceived (entrever, vislumbrar)
- to ogle - to look with lust (mirar con lascivia)
- to leer (at) - to look in an unpleasant, malign or lascivious way (mirar de modo desagradable, con malevolencia o lascivia)
- to gawk/gawp (at) - to look stupidly (quedarse mirando a alguien como tonto, embobado)
- to goggle (at) - to look at something with wide open eyes as in amazement or wonder (mirar con los ojos abiertos de par en par, como maravillado o sorprendido)
- to squint (at) - (a) to look with one or both eyes partly closed trying to see more clearly or as a reaction to strong light (entornar los ojos para ver mejor o por culpa de una luz muy fuerte); (b) to have eyes that look in different directions (ser bizco, bizquear)
Replace the words in italics by the appropriate verb from the lexical field of looking:
1.- Whenever I arrived late, my grandma used to look angrily at me.
2.- She heard a shout and looked quickly over her shoulder.
3.- The children were looking open-mouthed at the clowns' performance.
4.- The little boy crept up and looked curiously through a tiny hole in the fence.
5.- The man standing next to her on the bus kept looking lustily at her.
6.- They all looked fixedly at me when I came into the room.
7.- He used to sit for hours admiring the beautiful scenery.
8.- "It's the third time this week that you're late", the boss said looking at her with strong disapproval.
9.- The judge took off his glasses and looked closely at the document.
10.- She perceived briefly a figure at the window.
1.- glare; 2.- glanced; 3.- gaping; 4.- peeped/peeked; 5.- ogling/leering; 6.- stared; 7.- gazing at; 8.- scowling; 9.- peered; 10.- glimpsed.
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