5/12/14

Gramática: Nombres frasales

Nombres frasales


De los verbos frasales se derivan a veces nombres, llamados comúnmente nombres frasales (phrasal nouns), de uso muy extendido actualmente, sobre todo en lenguaje periodístico o profesional (fotografía, cine, informática, etc.):

back-up          copia de seguridad (inform.)
blow-up           ampliación (fotografía)
check-up         chequeo (médico)
flyover            paso elevado
go-between     intermediario
lay-by             aparcamiento en carretera
lockout          cierre patronal
mix-up confusión
setback           revés, inconveniente
write-off          siniestro total (seguros); (fig) caso perdido



EXERCISE

Complete the sense with the following phrasal nouns: breakdown; mix-up; walkout; breakthrough; lockout; write-off; setback; pile-up:

1.- Recently a significant ..........was announced in the search for a cure for ebola.
2.- My husband is recovering from a ......caused by too much stress.
3.- The plan has suffered a ............ Our sponsor has withdrawn  his support.
4.- As a result of the .........on the motorway his car was a .........
5.- When the car workers staged a .........in protest at the cutting of their tea-break, the employers retaliated with a ............
6.- There was a .........over the time of the interview which resulted in his losing the job. 


TIP: Appendix 9 in my Gramática Inglesa, 9ª ed. can help you to do the exercise (pp. 726-730).

KEY

1.- breakthrough; 2.- breakdown; 3.- setback; 4.- pile-up; write-off; 5.- walk-out/walkout, lockout; 6.- mix-up 

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